Altamira

The extensive limestone cave of Altamira in northern Spain is located in the Cantabrian mountains. Today, Altamira has become world famous thanks to the ancient rock drawings of animals. In the history of forever entered the name of Marcelino de Sautuola, the discoverer of the cave paintings.

The extensive limestone cave of Altamira in northern Spain is located in the Cantabrian mountains

In 1868, the Altamira cave was accidentally discovered by local residents. A few years later the cave visited Marcelino de Sautuola. In November 1879 Sautuola began excavations in the cave. He found stone tools, bones and traces of paleolithic fire. One day he took a nine year old daughter Mary. Growth girls allowed freely consider the arches of the cave where the father could pass only bent. Therefore, Mary unexpectedly discovered on the low side of the grotto ceiling amazing paintings that covered the dark vaults of the cave of Altamira. There have been an unusually realistic images of bulls. They were painted bright red and orange colors.

Coming out of the first room of the cave in the second room, there Sautuola saw pictures of animals and various geometrical shapes. He gathered compelling evidence that in these halls since the stone age there was no one man!

It was a sensation! Altamira has become a place of tourist pilgrimage. The paintings of Altamira clearly proved that the human creative genius was at the mammoth hunters. Figures show that primitive hunters were not as primitive as they were presented earlier. Before the eyes of coming at least a hundred and fifty truly great images. Altamira was the beginning of the study of cave paintings paleolithic times. Similar cave were found later in various places in Europe and Asia.

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