Bahrain

At 3-2 millennia BC Sumerians, Assyrians, Babylonians repeatedly mentioned in their cuneiform texts of a rich and flourishing kingdom, or the city of Dilmun - "country of life", which lay far to the south of Mesopotamia, "on the sunrise".

The fact that the legendary Dilmun is a modern island of Bahrain, concluded in 1946 an American researcher P. Cornwall, after careful consideration of all the written sources

The fact that the legendary Dilmun is a modern island of Bahrain, concluded in 1946 an American researcher P. Cornwall, after careful consideration of all the written sources.

Finally, to prove the correctness of Cornwall could only archaeological site in Bahrain and the surrounding areas of the Arabian coast. The first thing that caught the attention - the now famous "hundred thousand" Bahraini graves. Bahrain has long kept secret these graves unsolved. These low, sprinkled with yellow sand barrows were long since empty - they plundered in ancient times, at least two thousand years ago. On Bahraini Islands - desert, gravel and fragments of weathered limestone rocks, would not have found so many dead! Popular in its time has been hypothesized that Bahrain served as a giant graveyard for some of the people who inhabited the territory of South Arabia and Mesopotamia, and for some reasons (ritual?) buried their dead on the island of Bahrain. Some researchers believe that this - the Sumerians, who believed it was their ancestral home.

While experts broke spears around the issue of "a hundred thousand graves", Bahrain and East Arabia - Kuwait in the north to the south of Ajman, visited the Danish archaeological expedition J. Bibby. Discoveries were incredible!

Bahrain has been inhabited in ancient times, and its mysterious grave in any way can not be attributed to neighboring nations. Danish archaeologists discovered and excavated settlements and cemeteries totally unknown ancient civilization of the 3rd millennium BC "culture Barbar." Centre it was the island of Bahrain. Archaeologists have found here the ruins of the city, the remains of the magnificent temple, several small villages. The age of these settlements and buildings amounted to five thousand years.

J. Bibby linked Bahrain with the legendary country of Dilmun. Numerous finds - carved seals, beads, brassware and ivory - have shown that in the 3-2 millenniums BC Bahrain was closely associated with the two ancient civilizations - Sumerian, and separated from it for many thousands of kilometers of the Indus Valley civilization, playing an important mediating role in a busy maritime trade. The ancient route from Mesopotamia to India, has now found its material evidence - this road ran through the Bahrain!

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