Khorezm, located in the lower reaches of the Amu Darya, occupied a special position in the ancient history of Central Asia. This advanced to the north the steppe country in the 4th century BC was separated from the Achaemenid empire.

Khorezm, located in the lower reaches of the Amu Darya, occupied a special position in the ancient history of Central Asia

Khorezm was one of the most important cultural centers of Central Asia. It has developed quite early urban culture. Khorezm was closely in contact with the nomadic tribes of Kazakhstan and southern Siberia.

In the 2nd half of the 3rd - early 4th century in Khorezm had famous royal residence Toprak Kala. Extensive castle, covers an area 500x350 m, was surrounded by a rampart and fortress walls with towers. Through all of its territory lay wide (10 m) magistral. The network of longitudinal and transverse streets divided the city in the right quarters. In the northwest corner of a huge three-turret housed the royal palace, built on a brick platform 12 meters high. It was a construction similar to that does not know Khorezm nor Central Asia.

Many of the rooms of the palace were decorated with wall paintings and clay sculptures, but especially distinguished by his attire huge (up to 280 sq. m.) the central hall - "the kings of the hall," along the brightly painted walls which were clay statues of Khorezm rulers - each twice the size of the actual size.

If Toprak Kale Palace in Khorezm is safe to assume the royal residence, the appointment of ancient Khorezm complex Coy Krylgankale the full extent yet to be determined. This comprehensive settlement of the kingdom of Khorezm, located on the right bank of the Amu Darya River, 22 km north-east of the city of Karakalpak Turtkul.

The mysterious structure was built in 4-3 centuries BC in Coy Krylgankale. After the first stage of its existence and functioning followed by a long period - up to the turn of the eras - the desolation. Then construction in Khorezm again "come to life" and lasted until the 4th century.

In the first phase ancient Khorezm Koy-Krylgankaly is a round two-storey building with a diameter of 44,4 meters. He was surrounded by a defensive wall with nine towers, located at an equal distance from each other. Perhaps this complex kingdom of Khorezm was associated with funerary rites: the ground floor premises meant for the burial of the remains of the king of Khorezm and his wife, and the deck on the second floor - designed for the burning of burial items.

Some researchers believe that construction in Coy Krylgankale was not only the tomb, but a temple dedicated to the cult of the deified king of Khorezm. There are probably also made astronomical observations. The remarkable achievements of the Central Asian medieval astronomy had, apparently, his distant source of the observations that have been made in such facilities as Khwarezmian Coy Krylgankala.