Persepolis

In 1767 Carsten Niebuhr brought to Europe many copies of cuneiform texts, which he found seven miles north-east of Shiraz. In this place there were giant ruins of Persepolis - the famous capital of the Persian empire, burned by Alexander the Great.

In this place there were giant ruins of Persepolis - the famous capital of the Persian empire, burned by Alexander the Great

...36 years ruled Persia "king of kings" Darius the first of the Achaemenid dynasty. In the 500's BC his power was at its height. Babylon, Assyria, Egypt, Armenia, Syria and Central Asia entered into its composition.

About 515 BC by command of Darius, 80 kilometers to the northeast of Shiraz, was founded a new capital of the country - Parsa, or, as it was called the Greeks, Persepolis - "City of Persians". On behalf of the city, first the Greeks and then the whole world Iran became known as Persia.

The city of Persepolis build more than half a century. Every year it employed over three thousand people. As a result of Persepolis eclipsed by its scale and luxury of all that has been created in the past century, in other countries of the East.

Persepolis held the territory of 135 thousand sq. m. On three sides of Persepolis was surrounded by a strong double ramparts (the fourth side was an impregnable mountain cliff), for which housed built of dark gray limestone residence of the king, and numerous ceremonial and utility rooms, the stables. All of these buildings were built on a giant artificial terrace size of 500x300 m, lined with huge blocks, which rises above the surrounding plain to 13 meters.

Passing through the "gates of all countries", it was possible to get into the central building of the city of Persepolis - its famous Apadanu, which standing on a platform height of 2.5 m. It was a multi-column main hall with a light slender columns topped with the form of heavy bullish figures.

The eastern part of the residence occupied Palace of Xerxes. By its architecture it looks like a palace of Darius. In Persepolis was built the building of the harem, where the women of the royal family lived.

In 466 BC in the city of Persepolis was built Throne Hall, which is considered one of the most perfect buildings of Persepolis.

Despite the unprecedented luxury and truly royal majesty, Persepolis came to life only once a year: in the spring, during the celebration of the Iranian New Year - Nowruz, which coincides with the day of the vernal equinox. All the rest of the time the king was in his other two capitals - Susa and Pasargadae.

In the Middle Ages the remains of Persepolis palace has somehow maintained and even at one time served as a residence for the local emirs. Only in the 1931-1934 biennium effective measures have been taken to the protection of the remnants of the palace from further destruction.

Today, Persepolis is one of the most well-studied ancient cities. Its current excavation is almost completed, work is underway on the restoration and strengthening of buildings.

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