Biological time

Is it possible to slow and accelerate biological time? Slow down his biologists are already partially able. It is enough to cool the body, and the live clock will slow down its course, and even completely stop, as the temperature rises, the usual rhythm is restored. Scientists have long thought about how to stop the biological clock for astronauts for a given period. In this condition, they can reach the most distant planets, almost no aging during the journey. But to accelerate the biological time is much more difficult.

Is it possible to slow and accelerate biological time?

How to concentrate biological time? Biological scientists have determined that a special biological time concentrator is a special substance called biogenic stimulants. The mechanism of the biological clock is apparently the same in all organisms, excluding bacteria that do not "acquire" the clock at all. But do the life processes of unicellular and multicellular organisms take place with the same speed? After all, some people live a day, others have a century.

Here the rotifers are a microscopic, but multicellular creature. Some of its species live only one week. This week, the rotiflora grows and grows old. So how does the biological time for this rotifer go, as in humans or 3000 times faster?

Nature itself gave the researcher an instrument that allows you to follow the course of biological time in a living organism, without entering directly into his life and without disturbing the interconnection in his structure

Nature itself gave the researcher an instrument that allows you to follow the course of biological time in a living organism, without entering directly into his life and without disturbing the interconnection in his structure. This device is the process of dividing the living cell itself. The speed of its division indirectly speaks about the metabolism inside it, and about the time in which it lives. Cell division gives even more important information - where is the mechanism controlling the course of biological time in the living.

At first glance, it seems somewhat strange that an elephant, a man, a mouse and other mammals, so very different in size and life expectancy, make the first steps in the life path at the same speed.

If we consider the first steps of life in development from one cell and compare the mouse and the elephant, it turns out that the elephant lives 60 years, the mouse - 2-3 years. Embryonic development in the mouse - 21 days, and the elephant - 660, almost 2 years. Everything starts at the same time, but how it ends in different ways. Perhaps the biological time immediately ran faster at the mouse cell, and it several times outscored the development of the elephant's embryo? No, it's not. Both the mouse and the baby elephant develop at the same speed for the first 7 days. But why in the first week do the biological clocks in the embryos of an elephant and a mouse go?

It turned out that during this period almost all embryos of mammals had biological clocks set as a "dog". Hereditary mechanisms - genes that regulate the rate of growth and metabolism, at this time do not work.

First, the embryo collects the cell mass, which then will have to build various organs. As soon as the construction of the organs begins, the clock spring seems to start. Every plant is now done with caution and not until the end. All the work of the biological clock goes under the control of the genetic apparatus, and the more complex the organism becomes as it develops, the more clearly the genes give out information. The body begins to dominate the work of the biological clock, and the action of various hormones slows down the biological time even more. The embryo, whose biological clock is not held back so strongly by the genetic apparatus and hormonal influences, because the endocrine system has not yet developed.

Is it possible to remove the time brake in an adult organism and make it live faster? Maybe there are substances that concentrate time, but it is easier and more accurate to say, they take the time brake off? The whole danger in this case is reduced to the violation of the biological clock. Acceleration of metabolism and cell division should be harmonious and necessarily within the limits of the norm. The metabolism in living cells always passes with a slightly slower rate, the cell has rather large reserves in case of danger. So, if we give a danger signal, then the cell will partially remove its temporary brake and all processes in it will go with increased speed. For this, it is necessary to act directly on those genes that regulate the rates of chemical interactions of huge biomolecules inside the cell.

How to give the cage a signal of danger? In the process of evolution, a mechanism has been developed in the cells of the body that perceives the decay products, which are obtained from cells that are in the neighborhood. Since in living beings molecular mechanisms of perception of danger are the same, in the presence of degradation products, biological clocks, both animals and plants, will accelerate their course. That is why the leaves of aloe kept in the dark, or the tissues of animals that are kept in the refrigerator for a few days at 40 C, already contain substances capable of accelerating the metabolism in the cells of the organism into which they will be introduced.

A person at the very beginning of embryonic development lives in accelerated biological time. As it develops, biological time slows down. After birth, it still continues to go somewhat sooner than in an adult. To old age people think that time "stands still". Is not the time brake included here - the genes of time?