Everyone remembers, perhaps, Pushkin's lines about the poisonous upas-tree. It turns out that the upas-tree is not invented poet, and there really is.

Everyone remembers, perhaps, Pushkin's lines about the poisonous upas-tree

Upas-tree grows in the tropical forests of South and Southeast Asia. This slender tree up to 40 m. It belongs to the evergreen trees. The name was established by the French traveler, naturalist and botanist J. Lesheno. Upas-tree has simple leaves and small flowers tightly clustered in dense inflorescences.

All kinds of upas-tree very poisonous, especially the Upas-tree Poisonous. The well-known poison upas - a milky juice upas-tree; when the juice with alcohol obtained by distillation antiarin is very strong poison.

Another type, Upas-tree Bennett, from the islands of Vitu, contains in fruit excellent carminic paint, and in the bark bast fibers, which coming on crafts. From these same fibers Upas-tree Ceylon in the East Indies make bags.

However, upas-tree not as poisonous as the poet described it. And animals, and people can easily approach this tree, and the birds even sit on its branches.

The glory of the strength of the poison this tree has long been established even a belief about toxicity of the air near the upas-tree from which animals and people die, which inadvertently come closer to the tree. Scientists believe that the terrible image of AS Pushkin inspired by the erroneous article about the desert, devoid of vegetation, so-called "Death Valley" on the island of Java, where supposedly all upas-trees destroyed its deadly breath. However, this valley really exists in Java, but the reason it is carbon dioxide, which is released from the slots on the bottom of the valley and destroys everything around.

Some species of upas-tree wood used for veneer production.