The tselokant

Probably everyone remembers from the textbooks of biology drawings, in which fish is shown with which the evolution of first vertebrates on earth begins. In other words, it is an intermediate between fish and land animals. But, this is all theory! How can that be a reality? Can we assume that this fish really exist? It was believed that she had died a long time ago. She even gave the name - the tselokant. Scientists have long searched for a solution to this problem. And finally...

The tselokant is a fish belonging to the group crossopterygii from which terrestrial vertebrates occur

In 1938, not far from the Comoros in the Mozambique channel, which separates the island of Madagascar from the mainland of Africa, local fishermen caught tselokant. Tselokant is a fish belonging to the group crossopterygii from which terrestrial vertebrates occur. Tselokant fins become a five-fingered limb in the evolution of first vertebrates on land.

"Meeting with tselokant" caused a sensation among scientists. This fish was considered extinct about 70 million years ago. On behalf of his first scholar, she received another name coelacanth. The fossils of this fish are found in devonian sediments older than 300 million years.

Over time, the Indian Ocean caught a few "long-livers". It turned out tselokant, who lived long before the first dinosaurs, still lives in the only place in the world near the Comoros. Captured samples reaches a length from 109 to 180 cm and weigh from 19,5 to 95 kg. Tselokant lives at 150-200 meters depth. His eyes have adapted to see in the dark. Tselokant skin is unusually strong and resembles in appearance sandpaper.

The bright light of day, and the temperature of the top layer are detrimental to tselokant. And yet, in 1972, scientists have been able to catch the first living tselokant. The mass of this tselokant was 10 kg and a length of 90 cm. It moved to the island of Madagascar in the research laboratory. Scientists have caught more than 90 copies tselokant size from 42 to 180 cm.

For the first time, in 1986, a japanese scientist lucky enough to show tselokant through television. It happened at a depth of over 50 meters in the Indian Ocean near the Comoros. The actors of this film were two fishes length 1,2 and 1,4 m and a weight of about 60 and 65 kg. Unique footages spoke about the behavior of members of the species, which has existed for 350 million years. Tselokant taken under protection and entered in the "International Red Book".

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