Greenland

The island of Iceland, the fifth part of which is covered with glaciers, is rightfully called the "ice country". But why is another Greenland country, more than nine-tenth the surface of which is covered with ice, called a "green country"?

Greenland, covered with glaciers area of 1800 thousand square meters

Greenland, covered with glaciers area of 1800 thousand square meters. The surface of the ice sheet gradually rises from the shores to the interior of the island. The total stock of ice is so large that if all of the ice of Greenland melted at the same time, the water level in all the oceans and seas would rise, according to scientists' estimates, by 8 m. Sections of ice-free land stretch out as a continuous strip along the shores of the island of Greenland, 200-250 km. The most significant areas they occupy in the south-west and north of the island and represent a plateau with a height of 400-600 m, alternating with mountain ranges up to 1700-2000 m.

Certainly, Norman Eirik Raudi (Red), who gave this land the name Greenland, made a big mistake. Approaching in 983 the first of Europeans to the shores of this largest island of the globe, he was very happy to see after a long wander through the endless expanses of the cold ocean, a green carpet of moss and grass on the ice-free southeastern coast of Greenland.

The island belongs to Denmark and is part of its autonomous unit of Greenland. The largest population point of the island is Nuuk (Gotkhob), 15469 people (2010). It is located on the peninsula in the western part of Greenland.

The climate of the coastal areas of the island of Greenland is variable. It is the most mild on the south-west coast. The mean July temperatures in Cacortok are 9,60 C, in Nuuk 8,30 C, and in January, respectively, -7,80 C and -10,70 C. In summer, sometimes the temperature is slightly above 210 C, but often even in the heat of summer the temperatures stay about 00 C. The lowest temperatures on the east coast.

The vegetation of the island of Greenland is confined to places free from ice. In the extreme south, there are birch woods, thickets of mountain ash, alder, willow and juniper, as well as sedge and grass-meadow grass. Among the animals are reindeer, musk musk ox, polar bear, polar fox, polar wolf, lemming, in coastal waters - greenlandic whale, harp seal, walrus and others.

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