The magnetism of the Earth

In 1891, the English scientist Schuster tried to explain the magnetism of the Earth by rotating it around the axis. A lot of work on this hypothesis was given by the well-known physicist P.N. Lebedev. He assumed that, under the influence of the centrifugal force, the electrons in the atoms shift toward the surface of the Earth. From that, the surface must be negatively charged, and this causes magnetism. But experiments with the rotation of the ring to 35 thousand revolutions per minute did not confirm the hypothesis - magnetism did not appear in the ring.

In 1891, the English scientist Schuster tried to explain the magnetism of the Earth by rotating it around the axis

English scientist V. Gelbert believed that the Earth consists of a magnetic stone. Later they decided that the Earth was magnetized from the Sun. The calculations have refuted these hypotheses.

We tried to explain the magnetism of the Earth by the currents of masses in its liquid metal core. However, this hypothesis itself is based on the hypothesis of the liquid core of the Earth. Many scientists believe that the core is solid and not iron.

In 1947 P. Bleket (England) suggested that the presence of a magnetic field in rotating bodies is an unknown law of nature. The bleak attempted to establish the dependence of magnetism on the speed of rotation of the body.

At that time, data were known of the rotation speed and magnetic fields of the three celestial bodies - the Earth, the Sun and the White Dwarf - stars E78 from the constellation Virgo.

The magnetic field of the body is characterized by its magnetic moment, the rotation of the body - the angular momentum (with allowance for the dimensions and body weight). It has long been known that the magnetic moments of the Earth and the Sun are related to each other in the same way as their angular moments. Star E78 observed this proportionality! Hence it became obvious that there is a direct relationship between the rotation of celestial bodies and their magnetism.

There was an impression that it was the rotation of the bodies that caused magnetism. The bleak attempted to prove experimentally the existence of the proposed law. For the experiment, a gold cylinder weighing 20 kg was made. According to the finest experiments with the above cylinder, nothing was given. The non-magnetic gold cylinder showed no signs of magnetism.

Now magnetic and angular moments are established for Jupiter, and also for Venus. Again, their magnetic fields, divided by angular momentum, are close to the number of Bleket. After such a coincidence of the coefficients, it is difficult to attribute the case to the case.

So what - does the Earth's rotation excite a magnetic field, or does the magnetism of the Earth cause its rotation? For some reason, scientists always believed that rotation is inherent in the Earth since its formation. Is it so? And maybe not so. The analogy with our television experience poses the question: is not this why the Earth rotates around its axis, that it, like a large magnet, is in the flow of charged particles? The stream consists mainly of hydrogen nuclei (protons), helium (alpha particles). Electrons are not observed in the "solar wind", they are probably formed in magnetic traps at the moment of collisions of corpuscles and are produced by cascades in the zones of the Earth's magnetic field.

The connection between the magnetism of the Earth and its nucleus is now quite obvious. Calculations of scientists show that the Moon does not have a fluid core, so it should not have a magnetic field. Indeed, measurements with the help of space rockets have shown that the Moon does not have an appreciable magnetic field around itself.

Interesting data were obtained as a result of observations of terrestrial currents in the Arctic and Antarctica. The intensity of terrestrial electric currents is very high there. It is tens and hundreds of times higher than the intensity in the middle latitudes. This fact indicates that the influx of electrons from the rings of the magnetic traps of the Earth intensively enters the Earth through polar caps in the zones of magnetic poles, as, for example, in the experience with the TV.

At the time of increased solar activity, the earth's electrical currents are also amplified. Now, probably, it can be considered established that the electric currents in the Earth are caused by the currents of the Earth's core masses and the inflow of electrons to the Earth from space, mainly from its radiation rings.

So, the electrocurrents cause the Earth's magnetism, and the Earth's magnetism, in turn, obviously makes our Earth rotate. It is not difficult to guess that the rate of rotation of the Earth will depend on the ratio of negatively and positively charged particles captured by its magnetic field from the outside, as well as those born within the magnetic field of the Earth.