The island of Manhattan becomes 58,8 km², and the population district of Manhattan charges 1,565 million. Manhattan - is the historic core of the city of New York and one of its five boroughs. In addition to the island of Manhattan, Borough includes several small islands. In the borough of Manhattan located highest skyscrapers, including the Chrysler Building, the Woolworth Building, Rockefeller Center. Also in Manhattan, in the city of New York consists of 4 more boro (urban districts), which were merged into one city in 1898. Prior to that, the name of New York (previously - New Amsterdam) referred only to Manhattan. Therefore, sometimes as a synonym of Manhattan used the name New York or City. Today, Manhattan is one of the most populated US counties.

Manhattan - is the historic core of the city of New York

It is believed that New York Harbor was opened in 1524 by the Italian navigator Giovanni da Verrazano, who was in the French service, and a few months later the Portuguese Esteban Gomez. In fact, no evidence has been preserved of these discoveries. The only evidence is the story that the sailors saw the river delta, which may have been the Hudson River. The ships did not come into the bay, and, accordingly, did not investigate it, and flows into the river, not yet done the Dutch in 1609. At least, it did not survive no written sources.

In 1602, the States-General of the United Provinces (the Netherlands) founded the United East India Company by placing its task to find a northwest route to Asia, and to attach to the territory of the Netherlands open. September 3, 1609 the English navigator Henry Hudson, who worked for the company came in the ship "Crescent" to the land that is now called New York. He studied the shoreline and 12 September 1609 went up the river that bears his name today. Hudson has announced the open land they owned their employer.

Although the way in Asia has not been found, the earth opened Hudson, were among the best in North America for the fur trade. The Europeans were not engaged in production of fur, for them it did the Indians, Europeans who exchanged it for various household items. Soon developed and negotiated trade, where the Indians were preparing items of a particular merchant, who, in turn, carry out specific orders of local residents.

The fact is that in the early 17th century. where today is the island of Manhattan and one of the largest cities of the world New York, it stood only a few lodges of Indians of the Iroquois tribe. In 1626, the Dutch Governor Peter Minuit made with the Iroquois, say experts of modern business, "the most advantageous commercial agreement" in US history. In just a few bottles of wine and a handful of glass trifles, valued at $ 24, he traded from gullible Indians' biggest island. Eventually, when it appeared the city, which became the base for the conquest of new lands, the Indians called this island Manahatta - Manhattan today - the central district of New York, which is translated from the Iroquois language means "we have been deceived."