The nephritis

The name "nephritis" is derived from the greek word "kidney". It may be translucent, translucent or opaque. Color is white, cream, can be a variety of shades of green, yellow, yellow-green, gray-brown, blue, black. The nephritis has light colors (white, cream).

The nephritis has light colors - white, cream

Typically, nephritis occurs in inaccessible mountains in the form of lumps, boulders and pebbles. In the world of a little of its deposits.

In the East a long time ago nephritis mined in the cities of Hotan and Yarkand in the foothills of the Kunlun Mountains. It was discovered in the mid-19th century and in the Sayan Mountains of Siberia.

Chinese philosophers attributed nephritis five major advantages to meet the six spiritual qualities; its soft luster symbolizes goodness, its toughness - temperance and justice, translucency - a symbol of honesty, purity - the embodiment of wisdom, and its variability represents courage. An old Chinese proverb says: "Gold has a price, nephritis is priceless".

The nephritis has exceptional strength. To crush it, efforts should be made about three times greater than that for the destruction of granite. All because he had extremely high viscosity. The nephritis strength commensurate with good grades of steel.

The remarkable strength of nephritis was known in ancient times, and made it necessary material for primitive man. Nephritis knives and arrowheads, axes, hammers and other implements of the Stone Age people were found during excavations of Mycenae, on the coast of Lake Baikal, on the islands of the Caribbean, New Zealand and elsewhere.

Later, nephritis has become material for jewelry and artwork. Most nephritis used masters of China and India, which produced exquisite things. It has long been highly prized statuette, which deified and worshiped.

Among the Far East graves archaeologists find sarcophagi, belted thousands of nephritis plates, connected by a gold wire. These plates are decorated mummy. After the death of Tamerlane in Samarkand was built tomb - the majestic Gur Emir mausoleum, where are placed the nephritis sarcophagus containing the ashes of Tamerlane and two marble sarcophagus smaller - with the ashes of his beloved wifes.

The main deposits of nephritis: Canada, Italy, Poland, the US, New Zealand, China, Australia, Germany.