The word "robot", although it was first used in Karel Czapek's play "RWR" (1920), whence his way in the world began, is not, however, contrary to popular belief, the product of the writer's own language creativity.

According to Czapek himself, the word robot was invented by his brother Josef

According to Czapek himself, the word "robot" was invented by his brother Josef, whom the author of the play asked to advise what name to give the people acting in this work to the artificial people. He himself had one name for these people - Labor (from the Latin word "work"). But this name seemed to the writer too pretentious.

Josef, who was sitting at the easel, without even taking his work off, muttered: "Well, call them robots..." It turned out that he used the same word "work", "work" as a basis, only by translating it into Czech. And the new word "robot" began its life, and even what!

The appearance and design of modern robots can be varied. In the industry, various robots are widely used, whose appearance (for technical and economic reasons) is far from "human". Often, "robots" are called humanoid automata - automata.

The first robot-like mechanisms humanity began to create long ago. For example, a drawing of a humanoid robot was made by Leonardo da Vinci around 1495. Leonardo's records, found in the 1950s, contained detailed drawings of a mechanical knight, able to sit, push apart his hands, move his head and open the visor.

Since the beginning of the 18th century, reports about machines with "signs of reason" began to appear in the press, but in most cases it turned out that this is fraud. Inside the mechanisms, live people or trained animals were hiding. French mechanic and inventor Jacques de Vaucanson created in 1738 the first humanoid robot - a device (android) that played the flute.