Lunokhod

Lunokhod is a special automatic or controlled device designed for research at Moon and movement on its surface. The first Soviet lunar rover controlled from the Earth "Lunokhod-1" worked on the surface of the Moon from November 17, 1970 to October 4, 1971, passing 10,5 km. It consisted of an 8-wheel chassis with an individual electric motor on each wheel, powered by electricity from solar panels. With the help of radio and television systems, 206 panoramas and over 20000 images of the lunar surface were transmitted to the Earth.

Lunokhod is a special automatic or controlled device designed for research at Moon and movement on its surface

"Lunokhod-2" was delivered to the Moon on January 16, 1973, overcame 37 km in difficult terrain conditions and transmitted 88 surface panoramas to the Earth. During the flights of the Apollo-15, -16, -17 spacecraft, American astronauts used the double rover "Rover" to move along the lunar surface.

"Lunokhod-1" and "Lunokhod-2" little resembled modern modes of transport. Their body is similar to a cart, spokes in wheels. Lunokhods moved not only forward and backward, but also turned, avoiding deep craters and inaccessible rocks. As soon as the tilt angle of the trolley exceeded the permissible one, the machines automatically stopped.

The "eyes" of the Lunokhods were television cameras. Everything they saw was passed on to their crew. And although the commander, navigator and driver of the Lunokhod were on Earth, they perfectly controlled it on the radio. Of course, it was not easy. After all, during the time that the radio signal was going to the Moon and the answer of the submachine gun reached the Earth, the lunar rover managed to pass several meters. The stars, the Sun and the Earth helped to drive their car strictly along the intended route to the crew, clearly visible on the always cloudless moon sky.

The eyes of the Lunokhods were television cameras

Lunokhod became the first alien transport. Found at their creation, the principles of design, extensive experience of operation will undoubtedly be used later in the study of the planets Solar system.

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