Watt James

Watt James (1736-1819) - English inventor, creator of steam engines. The man whose name the unit of power was named began with an apprentice in an optical workshop. Then he moved to the post of an assistant laboratory assistant at the University of Glasgow. Having done his self-education, Watt James succeeded so well in the sciences that the students used his explanations for all the difficult questions of physics, mathematics and other disciplines. Watt's life is widely covered in books, articles, mechanics textbooks. But here one remarkable detail of his creative biography is worth recalling. It is connected with the boundless confidence of the inventor in the advantages of his machines. And therefore, he did not sell all the first samples, but gave them to the factories for rent on one condition - that he would receive an author's reward in the form of one-third of the fuel savings. But on a number of occasions Watt James forgot to demand these amounts, for he was completely absorbed in the design and assembly of new options.

Watt James</strong> (1736-1819) - English inventor, creator of steam engines

The improvement of machines went on continuously. With the help of the remarkable self-taught mechanic William Murdoch (1754-1839), Watt James developed and tested various devices to improve the efficiency of engines. Thus, in 1784 a hinged mechanism was created, which later was called in mechanics the "parallelogram of Watt". Such a device worked fine, but the theoretical basis of his movements, English scientists could not find 70 years. This was done by the outstanding Russian mathematician, academician Pafnutii Lvovich Chebyshev (1821-1894), a great admirer of the talent of James Watt.

Watt James introduced the first unit of power - horsepower, later his name was called another unit of power - watts. Watt's steam engine, thanks to its economy, has become widespread and has played a huge role in the transition to machine production. After all the advantages of the new machine became clear, a lot of counterfeits were often of very poor quality. The revenue from sales could be very large, and therefore anyone who had any idea, even a very small one, about Watt's car, tried to make it on his own in an attempt to earn. Watt James was forced to start fighting against counterfeits, as it spoiled the reputation of their firm and, in addition, some of the counterfeit machines were simply dangerous to operate. Trials took a lot of time, costs were calculated in thousands, but all of them Watt managed to win and defend their rights.

Watt James was versatile gifted, easily learned languages, read a lot. Walter Scott in the foreword to one of his novels expresses surprise at the heterogeneity of Watt's knowledge, which he knew in the last years of his life. In 1784 Watt James was elected a member of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. In 1787 he was elected a member of the Philosophical Society (English Batavian Society) in Rotterdam. In 1806 he became an honorary doctor of law at the University of Glasgow. In 1814, the French Academy elected him a corresponding member.